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In 1779, the sub-province of Buldan became a district of Aydın in 1807. In 1883, it was connected to the Sanjak of Denizli and after Denizli became a province in 1923, Buldan became a district of Denizli. Buldan was also occupied by the Greeks in 1920 during the Turkish War of Independence.

Geographically, the district is located in the inner part of the Aegean Region and is adjacent to the South District to the east, Kuyucak to the west, Sarıgöl to the north, and Sarayköy to the south.

It is wavy in terms of surface shapes. Low plains and plateaus complement each other. The entire land is higher than the sea. Buldan plateau descends to reach Sarayköy layer. Other areas of the district are covered with mountains and plateaus.

The altitude of the district center is 690 m.
Surface measurement of our district: 518 km2.dir.
Distance to District City Center: 46 km.

Within the boundaries of our district, there is “Yayla Lake” and “Derbent Dam Lake ılan which is built for irrigation purposes.

Aydın mountain range covers the south and west of the district. Geleyli, Kumralı and Karlık hills are the peaks of these mountains. The north-west, north-north-east is covered by the rugged terrain of the inner Aegean. The west of this region is highland. Mountain and forest villages are located in this area.
The meadow creek and chestnut creek, which are fed from the high places of the west, are named after the Buldan stream. Buldan tea also flows into the Menderes River in Yenice town. Kadıköy River, where the waters of Kaşıkçı, Yeniçam, Gülalan, Hasanbeyler villages are collected, accumulates in the Derbent Irrigation Dam in 1967.
To the west of the town center there is the Süleymanlı Lake at an altitude of 1500m. It has long been known that this lake irrigated the green gardens of Buldan with an arc system.

To the east of Buldan, land height decreases gradually. This region, where about one-third of the district's territory is located, increases its productivity with the waters of the Adıgüzeller Dam. Yenicekent, Doğan, Oğuz, Mahmutlu and Bölmekaya villages are established on the arable lands of Büyük Menderes Plain.

As the forests in the district were destroyed in two big fires, reforestation started with the joint efforts of various institutions.

The fact that the district is located between the original Aegean and the Aegean causes climate diversity. To the east of the district is a climate reminiscent of the Mediterranean climate. Summer is hot and dry, winters are mild and rainy. No snow, no frost. The average annual rainfall is 600-700 m2. Because the mountains in the south and west reduce the sea effect, it receives less rainfall than Tosunlar, Kuyucak and Sarayköy.

In highland areas inland, the climate gradually becomes terrestrial. Summers are hot, dry, but cool to the plain. Winters are cold and snowy, frost is seen. Snow is stored in the wells of Karlık hill and its immediate surroundings and sold in summer. Since the three sides of the district are covered with mountains, no strong winds are encountered. In summer there are breezes blowing from the plateau to the plain and breathing into the valley. Since high mountains adversely affect air circulation, air pollution increases in winter.

Olive tree draws the secret of continental climate and Mediterranean climate. In the plain below the line, cotton, sultaniye grapes, figs and cereals are grown. Tobacco and summer vegetables are produced in high places. On the Narlıdere side, pomegranate, Alandız and Kaşıkçı plateaus are cherry, chestnut and walnut. Yenicekent and environmental lasted Turkey's first-season grapes on the market. In recent years, apple farming in highland villages and peach growing in Kadıköy have gained importance.

In the forests of Buldan, there are red pine, hawthorn and a few stunted juniper and oak trees. Pistachio trees have been inoculated in the Çitlembik (Melengiç) trees in recent years.