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hild with Statistics, 2018

urkey has created 28% of the child population population

According to the results of the Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS); By the end of 2018, Turkey's population of 82 million to 22 million 920 thousand to 3 thousand 882, while it has created 422's the child population. According to the definition of United Nations; 0-17 age group having the child population in 1970 accounted for 48.5% of the total population in Turkey, this ratio was 28% in 1990 and 41.8% in 2018.

According to population projections, it is predicted that the rate of child population will be 23.3% in 2040, 20.4% in 2060 and 19% in 2080.

Proportion of child population in total population, 1935-2080
When the proportion of child population in total population is examined in 2018 in EU member states; The proportion of children in the EU-28 member countries in the total population was 18.7%. Among the EU-28 member countries, the countries with the highest child population ratio are; Ireland with 24.8%, France with 21.9% and the United Kingdom with 21.1%. The countries with the lowest child population are respectively; Italy with 16.2%, Germany with 16.4% and Malta with 16.6%.

Şanlıurfa has the highest rate of child population

According to the ABPRS results; When the ratio of child population in total population of provinces is examined; In 2018, Şanlıurfa had the highest child population with 46.3%. Şanlıurfa was followed by Şırnak with 43.9% and Ağrı with 42.5%. The three provinces with the lowest rate of child population are; Tunceli with 16.7%, Edirne with 18.1% and Kırklareli with 18.7%.

Top 5 provinces with the highest and lowest rate of child population, 2018
The most popular male name for babies was Yusuf and the girl name was Zeynep.

According to the ABPRS results; The most popular male names for babies born in 2018 were Yusuf, Eymen and Ömer Asaf, and the most popular girl names were Zeynep, Elif and Defne. However, the most commonly used male names in the 0-17 age group are Yusuf, Mustafa and Mehmet; and Zeynep, Elif and Yağmur were the girls.

Child dependence rate was 34.5%

According to the ABPRS results, the total age dependency ratio defined as the number of people in the 0-14 to 65 and over age group, in which every 100 people in the 15-64 age group are dependent on their working age in a country; In 2018, it was 47.4%. The rate of child addiction, which represents the number of children in the 0-14 age group, of which 100 people aged 15-64 is dependent, was 34.5%.

According to the population projections, the child dependency ratio is predicted to decrease to 33.5% in 2023, 28.7% in 2050 and 26.7% in 2080.

One in two babies was born by cesarean section

According to the data of the Ministry of Health; The cesarean delivery rate, which was 21% in 2002, was 51% in 2014 and 53% in 2015, 2016 and 2017.

Classification of Statistical Region Units (NUTS) According to Level 1; The region with the highest rate of cesarean deliveries in 2017 was TR6 Mediterranean with 64% (Antalya, Isparta, Burdur, Adana, Mersin, Hatay, Kahramanmaras, Osmaniye), while the lowest rate was TRA Northeast Anatolia (Erzurum, Erzincan, Bayburt) with 34%. , Ağrı, Kars, Iğdır, Ardahan).

Net enrollment rate at primary level was 91.5%

According to national education statistics; The net enrollment rate at primary school level was 91.5% in the 2017 / '18 school year. When the net enrollment rate was compared by gender, no significant difference was found between the genders.

The most problem in education services was seen in education costs

According to the results of life satisfaction survey; The biggest problem with education services was the cost of education. In 2018, the rate of those who had problems in education costs was 44.2% in public schools and 60.4% in private schools.

In 2018, the least of the problems related to education services were the heating, cleaning and so on. conditions. This rate was 8.8% in public schools and 1.3% in private schools.

Problems in education services, 2017, 2018
Official girl child marriages decreased

According to the marriage statistics; While the proportion of girls in the 16-17 age group's formal marriages in total formal marriages was 5.8% in 2014, this ratio decreased to 3.8% in 2018.

When this ratio is analyzed by provinces; In 2018, the province of Ağrı was the highest in marrying girls with 14.8%. This province was followed by Muş with 14.1% and Bitlis with 12.5%. Bolu with 0.7%, Trabzon and Artvin with 0,9% were the provinces with the lowest rate of female marriages among the total marriages.

Labor force participation rate for children aged 15-17 was 21.1%

According to the results of the household labor force survey; While the labor force participation rate of children in the 15-17 age group was 20.3% in 2017, this rate was 21.1% in 2018. When the labor force participation rates are analyzed by gender; In 2017, labor force participation rate was 28.5% for boys and 11.8% for girls. In 2018, this rate was 30% for boys and 11.8% for girls.

Oral and dental health problems were mostly seen in children aged 7-14

Health survey in Turkey, according to the 2016 results; When the types of diseases that children in the 7-14 age group have experienced in the last 6 months are examined; oral and dental health problems ranked first. The rate of those who stated that their children had oral and dental health problems in the last six months was 23.4%. This in order; Eye problems, infectious diseases (7.9%) and skin diseases (5.8%) followed.

Children died most often due to external injuries and poisoning

According to the cause of death statistics; In 2017, the highest deaths in the 1-17 age group occurred due to external injuries and intoxications. In 2016, the number of child deaths in the 1-17 age group decreased to 2 846 people in 2017, while the number of deaths in 2016 was 2 270. Diseases of the nervous system and sensory organs were the second highest cause of death in children aged 1-17 years. In this age group, 1 085 children died in 2016 and 992 children died in 2017 due to diseases of the nervous system and sensory organs.

10.6% of those who died as a result of a traffic accident were children

According to highway traffic accident statistics; 15.2% of traffic accidents in 2017 resulted in death or injury. A total of 7 427 people lost their lives in these accidents and 787 of these deaths were child deaths. When the age group distribution of children who lost their lives is examined; 42.1% of the deaths occurred in the 0-9 age group, 22.2% in the 10-14 age group and 35.7% in the 15-17 age group.
Türkiye nüfusunun %28'ini çocuk nüfus oluşturdu